Could Differentiated Integration Unblock the CSDP? Politique étrangère, Vol. 80, No. 1, Spring 2015
Differentiated integration, which brings some member states together on common means and strategies, appears to be the only route possible to circumvent obstructions to a Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP) for the 28 member states.
On an institutional level, it is possible. But its power to create a political domino effect and its ability to bolster existing means of action, remain rather unconvincing. The return of partial integration frameworks into the CSDP as a whole is the only way that will allow the entire process to move pass a juxtaposition of national interests.
Article published in Politique étrangère, Vol. 80, No. 1, Spring 2015