With one year to go before the November 2024 presidential election, the...
“Humanity has opened the gates of hell”, said the UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres during the Climate Ambition Summit, in New York, in September 2023, three months before COP28. The sense of urgency that he conveyed seems shared...
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Russia’s New Challenges in the Baltic/Northern European Theater Russie.Eurasie.Visions, No. 130, Ifri, November 2023
The long war in Ukraine has brought a drastic geopolitical reconfiguration of the Baltic theater and a deep shift in the military balance between Russia and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
Reflecting on a Decade of the South Pacific Defence Ministers Meeting (SPDMM). Achievements and Future Pathways Briefings de l'Ifri, November 23, 2023
The South Pacific Defence Ministers Meeting (SPDMM) is taking place in Nouméa (New Caledonia) from December 4th to 6th of this year.
How to Meet the Industrial Challenge of Electric Mobility in France and in Europe Notes de l'Ifri, November 2023
The deployment at scale of electric mobility in France and in Europe withholds significant industrial, societal, geopolitical, and financial challenges, against the backdrop of strategic dependencies along the value chain of the electric...
France plays a major role in Europe as one of the leading nations of the European Union, plus being a founding member of NATO and a key Ally. Nevertheless French governments have often been critical of the Alliance through the years...
Interview between Dmytro Kuleba, Ukrainian Foreign Minister, and Thierry de Montbrial, Founder and Executive Chairman of the French Institute of International Relations, Founder and Chairman of the World Policy Conference.
Impossible Decoupling, Improbable Cooperation: Economic Interdependencies in the Face of Power Rivalries Études de l'Ifri, November 2023
Export restrictions, economic and financial sanctions, politicization of monetary and financial choices, screening of inward and outward foreign direct investments, exceptional customs duties, and state interventions in sectors deemed strategic...
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Racing to the Moon: China's Lunar exploration program in competition with the United States ReConnect China, Policy Brief 4, October 2023
A new Cold War-style race to the moon seems to be in the making. The People’s Republic of China and the United States are both investing in moon exploration with manned lunar scientific stations as the ultimate goal.
The Next Surge of Conflict in the South Caucasus Is Still Preventable Éditoriaux de l'Ifri, October 17, 2023
The tragic exodus of the Armenian population from the Nagorno Karabakh region has closed a chapter in the long saga of conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan.
Global Coal Markets at a Climax. An Era of Coal Decline is Finally about to Begin Briefings de l'Ifri, October 2nd, 2023
In a previous note published in 2018, we noted that global coal demand had flattened. Several governments had announced coal phase-out plans, global coal power investment had contracted, and investment in greenfield coal mines was also at a...
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Towards a New European Trade Strategy in Times of Geopolitical Upheaval: The German Perspective Notes du Cerfa, No. 176, Ifri, October 2023
As one of the most successful trading blocs, the European Union (EU) sees itself confronted with the erosion of the global rules-based trading system and trade becoming increasingly weaponized.
Russia’s invasion of Ukraine on February 24, 2022, marked a turning point in German defense policy. After thirty years of military downsizing, the Bundeswehr found itself at an extremely low capability level just as a high-intensity war...
Carrier Strike Groups (CSGs) are the flagship of the world's leading navies and their role has...