The Arctic region has enjoyed lasting political stability for several decades. However, the...
Eric André Martin, coordinator of the research initiative on European space governance associating Ifri, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik (DGAP) and
This book describes the evolution of French defense policy since the end of the Cold War. The authors identify the incentives, representations and objectives of French defense policy.
The COVID-19 crisis has made clear the importance of resilient supply chains and effective economic security.
This sad year ends with a pandemic that continues in full swing over a large part of the planet, especially in the United States and Europe, with no other reassuring prospect than that of one or more vaccines, which is already a lot. But that’s...
Energy and electricity policy, planning and regulation in South Africa has been slow and bureaucratic, lacking visionary leadership, and marred by uncertainty. Policy positions and actions taken have tended to be reactive, and driven more by...
policy paper +
At the end of year 2020, the European space sector finds itself at a crossroads between challenges and opportunities. While the 2019 European Space Agency (ESA) Ministerial Conference marked a progression in terms of budgets, a sign of...
Israeli Cyberpower: The Unfinished Development of the Start-up Nation? Etudes de l'Ifri, November 2020
Israel’s economic success in the cyber sector is undeniable. It is due to the development of an ecosystem encouraging the mastery of digital innovation.
How the French Understand Immigrant Integration and Citizenship Études de l’Ifri, Ifri, December 2020
On December 9, 2020 will be celebrated the 115th anniversary of the 1905 law on French secularism (laïcité). On the very same day, a new law project will be presented by the French government, with the objective of...