Former Research Fellow, African Studies Center

Research areas:

  • Socio-economic transformations
  • African cities
  • Middle classes
  • Ethiopia, East Africa


Clélie Nallet is a former Research Fellow for the African Studies Center at Ifri. Her work focuses on African socioeconomic transformations and urban dynamics.  She received her PhD from Sciences Po Bordeaux. Her thesis focused on Ethiopian middle classes.

She conducted several fieldwork researches in Addis Abbeba, Niamey, Abidjan and Kinshasa. She is also specialised in private sector issues in the global South and she has been editor in chief of the review Secteur Privé & Développement.


All my publications
By: Clélie NALLET, Jean-Nicolas BACH

The category ‘middle class’ was used increasingly throughout the 2010s to identify social changes occurring in African countries, including Ethiopia. However, the category itself is hard to define and has been employed to describe very diverse socio-economic dynamics.


Since 2011 and the end of the post-election crisis, Côte d’Ivoire has returned to impressive economic growth. The country and its capital are drawing attention from a growing number of investors, and the “Abidjanian middle classes” are widely publicised and sought after. 


In September 2015, Addis Ababa introduced the first Light Rail Transit system (LRT) in sub-Saharan Africa. This tram, a symbol of Ethiopian renewal, was nevertheless barely used by the capital’s residents during the first few months. However, at the time of our research trip in April 2017,...


For many observers, a change in perception of the African continent occurred in the 2010s. Attention has focused on the relatively high rates of economic growth and a high population growth associated with urban expansion; both indicators interpreted as promises of economic “emergence” leading...


More than three years have already passed since China’s new silk roads were launched by President Xi Jinping. When he first mentioned the idea in an autumn 2013 speech in Kazakhstan, questions quickly emerged on the meaning of this general concept, which soon became widely promoted through a...


The international viewpoint on the African continent has profoundly changed in the last decade. Images advertised by the media drifted from afro-pessimism - the sad fate of Africa (wars and poverty) - to afro-optimism - a brighter future for the continent.

All my medias