Socio-economic Transformation of Africa
This research axis focuses on African middle-classes, on African cities as a growth factor, on the urbanization of the continent as an element of transformation of African societies as well as on competition for access to land.
Conceptualizing the middle class in a developmental state: Narratives and expectations in Ethiopia African Affairs, vol. 117, n° 468, 1 July 2018, pp. 439–461
The category ‘middle class’ was used increasingly throughout the 2010s to identify social changes occurring in African countries, including Ethiopia. However, the category itself is hard to define and has been employed to describe very diverse socio-economic dynamics.
New Consumption Spaces for the New Middle Classes? Shopping Centres in Abidjan Notes de l'Ifri, April 2018
Since 2011 and the end of the post-election crisis, Côte d’Ivoire has returned to impressive economic growth. The country and its capital are drawing attention from a growing number of investors, and the “Abidjanian middle classes” are widely publicised and sought after.
The Challenge of Urban Mobility. A Case Study of Addis Ababa Light Rail, Ethiopia Notes de l'Ifri, février 2018
In September 2015, Addis Ababa introduced the first Light Rail Transit system (LRT) in sub-Saharan Africa. This tram, a symbol of Ethiopian renewal, was nevertheless barely used by the capital’s residents during the first few months. However, at the time of our research trip in April 2017,...
Land Tenure Tensions in Maputo. A Study of the Neighborhood of Polana Caniço L'Afrique en questions, No. 38, 11 September 2017
Maputo, the capital of Mozambique, is driven by fascinating urban dynamics. The country’s institutional setting is influenced by the legacies of the different political regimes of the last 50 years, which have left visible traces on the urban fabric.
Hashtag and Political Resistance Movements in Southern Africa L'Afrique en questions, No. 36, 31 July 2017
What is the political significance of Southern Africa’s “hashtag movements”, socio-political campaigns using social media to disseminate information and to mobilise concerned and previously quiet segments of the public?
By organising TICAD (Tokyo International Conference on African Development) for the first time in Africa in August 2016, Japan intended to accelerate and deepen its relationship with the continent.
Defining the Middle Class in the Global South. A Quantitative Perspective from South Africa L'Afrique en questions, No. 33, 13 June 2017
What makes you middle class? Is it your income, occupation, or education? Your family background or maybe the house and neighbourhood you live in? It is probably all of these things.
Are African Middle Classes Coming Together? The Case of Telecommunications Employees in Kinshasa Études de l’Ifri, April 2017
For many observers, a change in perception of the African continent occurred in the 2010s. Attention has focused on the relatively high rates of economic growth and a high population growth associated with urban expansion; both indicators interpreted as promises of economic “emergence” leading...
State of Emergency in Ethiopia: New Far East, Old Far West L'Afrique en questions, No. 28, 28 October 2016
Up until recently, little attention has been paid to the crisis which the Ethiopian regime has nonetheless been sinking into for more than two years. The rare spotlights focused on this country have praised its economic performance, describing it as a new “Far East” or even an “African lion”....
A videoconference around Thierry VIRCOULON, Associate Research Fellow at Ifri's Center for African Studies.
A videoconférence "Les jeudis de l'Ifri" around Alain ANTIL, Director of Ifri's African Studies Center.
Since taking over as head of the Ethiopian government in April 2018, Abiy Ahmed has increased his openness: the lifting of the state of emergency, the release of political prisoners, the announcements of economic openness and privatization of national enterprises. Regarding foreign policy,...
As part of the Observatoire of Southern Africa and the African Great Lakes, Ifri organizes this conference on Angola in collaboration with the Directorate General for International Relations and Strategy of the...
The arrivals of refugees from East Africa in Europe have continued to increase since 2015. However, this situation should not gloss over the fact that migration is mainly a regional phenomenon: East Africa, alongside Middle East, hosts currently more refugees than any other regions in the...
Industrialisation in Africa is a necessary and major process to support the continent's economic development. Although Africa will keep its demographic growth running, the industry sector only represents 1...