As a consequence of the positive momentum in Transatlantic relations brought about by the arrival of the Biden administration, significant progress is expected on a range of key digital issues.
Ifri-Policy Center for the New South
After a first phase (2011-2013) that enabled to produce several studies and debates centered in particular around the Maghreb, the Middle East and Africa, the partnership between Ifri and the Policy Center for the New South aims to ''broaden the spectrum of research work to other regional and / or cross-cutting themes. This partnership is based on two pillars, studies and conferences, and calls on the various research units of Ifri, as well as associated researchers.
The Economic and Political Consequences of Falling Oil Production in Sub-Saharan Africa by 2030 Etudes de l'Ifri, June 2021
The sharp rebound in oil prices since the second half of 2020, to nearly $70 per barrel in May 2021, represents only a temporary respite for oil-dependent African economies that must change their economic model very quickly.
Mavi Vatan, the "Blue Homeland": the Origins, Influences and Limits of an Ambitious Doctrine for Turkey Etudes de l'Ifri, april 2021
Turkey’s activism in the Eastern Mediterranean now appears to be guided by an ambitious legal and geopolitical doctrine, based on the claim of a vast maritime domain – the “Blue Homeland” or Mavi Vatan in Turkish.
Japan’s Economic Diplomacy in Africa: Between Strategic Priorities and Local Realities Notes de l'Ifri, December 2020
During his term in office (2012-2020), Prime Minister Shinzo Abe sought to demonstrate Japan's high level of interest in Africa, including by pledging a total of $ 60 billion in financial support at the 2013 and 2016 Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) summits and...
The US-China Trade War: What Is the Outcome after the Trump Presidency? Potomac Paper, No. 40, November 2020
One of Donald Trump’s campaign promises in 2016 was to end China’s “cheating” on trade and to reduce America's trade deficit by imposing significant tariffs on U.S. imports of Chinese products. This study draws up a first assessment of his policy - and of the "trade war" which stemmed from it....
The Potential of Digital Technologies for Centralized Electricity Systems in Sub-Saharan Africa Notes de l’Ifri, October 2020
Affordable and reliable electricity access is a prerequisite for the economic development of sub-Saharan Africa.
Mozambique: Security, Political and Geopolitical Challenges of the Gas Boom Études de l'Ifri, August 2020
The vast gas discoveries in Mozambique, some 160 trillion cubic feet (4,530 billion cubic meters), will make this very poor country (6th lowest gross national income (GNI) per capita – the lowest in Africa) one of the world’s future major producers of liquefied natural gas (LNG) within two...
Accelerating the Energy Transition: The Role of Green Finance and its Challenges for Europe Études de l'Ifri, April 2020
Green finance has been a burgeoning sector since the Paris Agreement and is at the crossroads of financial, socio-economic and environmental challenges. It is hybrid in nature: it uses financial instruments and focuses on environmental issues, while coming under the wider field of so-called ...
Middle Eastern geopolitics is currently undergoing structural changes: the regional order is in transition in the aftermath of the Arab Spring that undermined authoritarian governance, and triggered the competition for power against a backdrop of American withdrawal.
China is rapidly emerging as a formidable power in the development of technical standards, transforming the international standard-setting landscape and reintroducing an element of geopolitics into what are too often considered as benign, technical processes.
Global cybersecurity challenges: Disentangling risks and opportunities in international politics Ifri-PCNS Roundtables
International politics are increasingly intertwined with cyber-related issues. Cyberattacks are more and more frequent and sophisticated; their perpetrators, like their victims, may be governments or private actors.
The Think Thank 7 (T7) is an engagement group that brings together the leading Think Tanks from the G7 countries in order to analyze and make recommendations on key issues of the G7 presidency.
The 4x4 Directors Forum is an annual meeting gathering the directors of four European and four African Think Tanks to discuss current challenges that both continents are facing. The purpose is to identify common positions and asymmetries, and address possible areas of cooperation in order to...
The global dialogue on migration is frequently stalled due to contradictory interests and positions between the countries of the North (Europe and North America) and the South.
Toward a Global Low Carbon Transition: What Sustainable Opportunities for Africa? Ifri-OCP Policy Center Roundtables
Despite its marginal contribution to the historical growth in greenhouse gas emissions, the African continent could be one of the most vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change.
China’s Belt and Road – Towards Globalization with Chinese Characteristics? Ifri-OCP Policy Center Roundtables
In 2013, Chinese president Xi Jinping first unveiled his broad vision to develop regional connectivity and infrastructure across Eurasia that would later be officially named the Belt and Road Initiative (or yi dai yi lu, One Belt, One Road, or OBOR).
Climate goals agreed in Paris at COP21 can only be reached if a strong focus is put on the promotion of low-carbon electricity sources. Electricity generation is already the largest contributor to energy-related CO2 emissions and global demand for electricity is set to increase by...