European digital sovereignty has been made a priority by Ursula Von der Leyen’s European Commission. Due to the privileged position of American companies in the European market, Brussels’ efforts towards digital sovereignty (on privacy, antitrust, data sovereignty, etc.) are closely...
Ifri-Policy Center for the New South
After a first phase (2011-2013) that enabled to produce several studies and debates centered in particular around the Maghreb, the Middle East and Africa, the partnership between Ifri and the Policy Center for the New South aims to ''broaden the spectrum of research work to other regional and / or cross-cutting themes. This partnership is based on two pillars, studies and conferences, and calls on the various research units of Ifri, as well as associated researchers.
New Paradigm for Electrification in Sub-Saharan Africa: How Are Decentralized Hybrid Systems Changing the Game? Notes de l’Ifri, September 2022
After several decades of reforms, the situation in centralized power sectors has hardly changed. The sub-Saharan power sector remains underdeveloped, and power sectors are experiencing significant financial difficulties that have been further exacerbated first by the effects of the pandemic...
Due to historical as well as geographical reasons, India and East Africa have long been close partners. In the recent period however, and even more so since the early 2000s, these ties have tightened as a result of combined efforts by the government of India and its business community. <...>
’Delenda est Cotonou ?’ The European Union and the ACP States: A Partnership without Partners Etudes de l'Ifri, November 2021
Although it has largely gone unnoticed in France, the agreement signed on December 3, 2020 between the European Union (EU) and the Organisation of African, Caribbean and Pacific States (ACP) is a major shift in the long-standing relations between the EU and countries in the Global South. ...
As a consequence of the positive momentum in Transatlantic relations brought about by the arrival of the Biden administration, significant progress is expected on a range of key digital issues.
The Economic and Political Consequences of Falling Oil Production in Sub-Saharan Africa by 2030 Etudes de l'Ifri, June 2021
The sharp rebound in oil prices since the second half of 2020, to nearly $70 per barrel in May 2021, represents only a temporary respite for oil-dependent African economies that must change their economic model very quickly.
Mavi Vatan, the "Blue Homeland": the Origins, Influences and Limits of an Ambitious Doctrine for Turkey Etudes de l'Ifri, april 2021
Turkey’s activism in the Eastern Mediterranean now appears to be guided by an ambitious legal and geopolitical doctrine, based on the claim of a vast maritime domain – the “Blue Homeland” or Mavi Vatan in Turkish.
Japan’s Economic Diplomacy in Africa: Between Strategic Priorities and Local Realities Notes de l'Ifri, December 2020
During his term in office (2012-2020), Prime Minister Shinzo Abe sought to demonstrate Japan's high level of interest in Africa, including by pledging a total of $ 60 billion in financial support at the 2013 and 2016 Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) summits and...
The US-China Trade War: What Is the Outcome after the Trump Presidency? Potomac Paper, No. 40, November 2020
One of Donald Trump’s campaign promises in 2016 was to end China’s “cheating” on trade and to reduce America's trade deficit by imposing significant tariffs on U.S. imports of Chinese products. This study draws up a first assessment of his policy - and of the "trade war" which stemmed from it....
The Potential of Digital Technologies for Centralized Electricity Systems in Sub-Saharan Africa Notes de l’Ifri, October 2020
Affordable and reliable electricity access is a prerequisite for the economic development of sub-Saharan Africa.
The Policy Center for the New South (PCNS) and the French Institute of International Relations (Ifri) are organizing the fifth edition of the 4x4 Directors Forum on February 1-2, 2023, in Rabat, Morocco....
Global cybersecurity challenges: Disentangling risks and opportunities in international politics Ifri-PCNS Roundtables
International politics are increasingly intertwined with cyber-related issues. Cyberattacks are more and more frequent and sophisticated; their perpetrators, like their victims, may be governments or private actors.
The Think Thank 7 (T7) is an engagement group that brings together the leading Think Tanks from the G7 countries in order to analyze and make recommendations on key issues of the G7 presidency.
The 4x4 Directors Forum is an annual meeting gathering the directors of four European and four African Think Tanks to discuss current challenges that both continents are facing. The purpose is to identify common positions and asymmetries, and address possible areas of cooperation in order to...
The global dialogue on migration is frequently stalled due to contradictory interests and positions between the countries of the North (Europe and North America) and the South.
Toward a Global Low Carbon Transition: What Sustainable Opportunities for Africa? Ifri-OCP Policy Center Roundtables
Despite its marginal contribution to the historical growth in greenhouse gas emissions, the African continent could be one of the most vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change.
China’s Belt and Road – Towards Globalization with Chinese Characteristics? Ifri-OCP Policy Center Roundtables
In 2013, Chinese president Xi Jinping first unveiled his broad vision to develop regional connectivity and infrastructure across Eurasia that would later be officially named the Belt and Road Initiative (or yi dai yi lu, One Belt, One Road, or OBOR).
Climate goals agreed in Paris at COP21 can only be reached if a strong focus is put on the promotion of low-carbon electricity sources. Electricity generation is already the largest contributor to energy-related CO2 emissions and global demand for electricity is set to increase by...