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Climate policies and energy transition

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The Climate policies and energy transition research axis whithin Ifri's Center for Energy & Climate deals with the climate change policies adopted at national levels, as well as the positions of the main emitting countries in the international climate negociations. In particular, this area focuses on the implementation of the Paris Agreement on climate and global efforts to reduce green-house gas emissions to limit the increase of temperature at +1,5° by 2100.

Marc-Antoine EYL-MAZZEGA

Director of Ifri’s Center for Energy & Climate

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Carole MATHIEU

Head of EU Policies, Center for Energy & Climate

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Hugo LE PICARD

Research Fellow, Center for Energy & Climate

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Cédric PHILIBERT

Associate Research Fellow, Center for Energy & Climate

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15/06/2021
By: Carole MATHIEU, (ed.) , Arnault BARICHELLA, Christian de PERTHUIS, Monica NAGASHIMA, Kevin TU

The world’s largest emitting countries are reconsidering the role of carbon pricing instruments and increasingly looking at carbon border adjustment mechanisms (CBAMs) to address leakage concerns. This renewed momentum should trigger a broader discussion on how to make trade policies...

09/06/2021
By: Eloïse COUFFON

The European Union’s energy infrastructure policy has become obsolete with the adoption of both the Green Deal and the 2050 climate neutrality target. The ongoing review of the regulation on Trans-European Energy Networks (TEN-E) should lead to an-depth discussion on Europe’s energy transition...

12/04/2021

Aligning its climate and industrial policies, the European Union (UE) is introducing sustainability requirements for the whole life-cycle of electric vehicle (EV) batteries. This initiative would not only ensure that EVs fit with Europe’s climate-neutrality and resource-efficiency pledges, but...

06/04/2021
By: Felix Christian MATTHES

2020 marked the beginning of the total phasing out of electricity production based on coal, as well as coal extraction in Germany. Laws implemented in 2020 concluded a governmental process started in 2015, which itself resulted from a prior broader debate on the role of coal in a viable and...

31/03/2021
By: Emmanuel LAPLANE

The Trump administration has been very actively designing and implementing a new strategy for reliable supply of critical minerals which aims at reducing the country’s vulnerabilities and becoming a leader in this field. 

13/01/2021
By: Arnault BARICHELLA

For most of United States (US) history, environmental issues enjoyed bipartisan support. While Democratic President Johnson signed the Clean Air Act in 1963, Republican President Nixon established the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in 1970. America’s “environmental decade”...

16/12/2020
By: Chris YELLAND

Energy and electricity policy, planning and regulation in South Africa has been slow and bureaucratic, lacking visionary leadership, and marred by uncertainty. Policy positions and actions taken have tended to be reactive, and driven more by crisis management than by forward-looking leadership...

21/10/2020
By: Kevin TU

This study assesses the prospects of a hydrogen economy with Chinese characteristics. Against the backdrop of an escalating US-China trade war and the ongoing novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, key Chinese stakeholders become increasingly interested in moving the hydrogen economy agenda...

26
May
2021
Wednesday 26 May 2021
from 09:00 to 11:00 - Videoconference

Hydrogen will play a role for reaching climate neutrality and is key to industrial recovery strategies in Europe. Japan and Germany have developed large hydrogen import plans, while others, such as Australia, Chile, Saudi Arabia, the UK, Spain, Portugal or Russia, are planning for exports....

19
May
2021
Wednesday 19 May 2021
from 09:00 to 10:30 - Videoconference

President Xi has surprised both the world and Chinese stakeholders in announcing the carbon neutrality objective by 2060. Yet the first announcements on China’s new Five Year Plan give little hope for a substantial policy adjustment in order to peak greenhouse gas emissions in the coming years...

15
Apr
2021
Thursday 15 April 2021
from 12:45 to 14:00 - Videoconference

Electricity systems of the North-West area of continental Europe will go through fundamental changes in the coming years. Decarbonization and diversification strategies adopted in Belgium, France, Germany and the Netherlands will lead to a swift phase out of large amounts of dispatchable coal...

11
Feb
2021
Thursday 11 February 2021
from 12:30 to 14:00 - Videoconference

Italy is firmly committed to decarbonizing its economy, with policy measures including phasing out coal by 2025, encouraging home renovations with generous tax breaks and expanding the use of renewables in the electricity, heating, and transport sectors. 

05
Nov
2020
Thursday 05 November 2020
from 12:30 to 13:45 - Videoconference

For Europe to reach climate neutrality by 2050, the European Commission (EC) expects offshore wind capacity to go from 23 GW  today to up to 450 GW, with half of this capacity to be installed in the North Sea, the pioneer region with still large untapped wind resources. 

22
Apr
2020
Wednesday 22 April 2020
from 09:00 to 11:00 - Videoconference

EU’s carbon neutrality objective requires to decarbonize all sectors and notably, all gases. Decarbonized hydrogen has now been recognized as a critical element of a carbon neutral economy and energy system. The EU should aim for global leadership in this field while Japan, California or China...

19/11/2020
By: Kevin TU, quoted by Bloomberg

Asia’s biggest economy wants to promote fuel cells for trucks. Renewable energy investments should make hydrogen less costly. Tesla Inc.Chief Executive Officer Elon Musk has spent years mocking the idea of using hydrogen fuel cells rather than electric batteries to power next-generation green...

05/05/2020

Economic recovery measures taken by several governments in the world so far are not aligned with the Paris Agreement. Yet some governments took important steps in the right direction but they are often insufficient. Two cases stand out : South Korea and the EU. But delivering on the ambitions...

30/09/2019
By: Marc-Antoine EYL-MAZZEGA, quoted by Frédéric Simon in Euractiv

The prospects for biogas in Europe look bright, with conservative estimates pointing to a tenfold increase in production by 2030. However, the industry will need to stay rooted in the local economy and come clean on environmental credentials if it wants to avoid a green backlash, analysts say....

13/05/2019

Over and again, legislators worldwide are confronting the same question: which technologies do we subsidise and support, when, by how much, and for how long. Get it right and those costs will reduce and should disappear once scale is reached. Solar and wind are on their way to proving...

10/05/2019
By: Carole MATHIEU, quoted by Nicholas Nhede on Smart Energy International

Carole Mathieu of the French Institute of International Relations explains some of the developments between the EU battery manufacturing and automaker industries and how they impact on the region's contributions towards the global energy storage market.

10/10/2018
By: Carole MATHIEU, quoted by Ajit Niranjan in Deutsche Welle

Belgium is slowly phasing out its aging nuclear energy infrastructure. But looming winter weather, limited renewable options and a poorly connected electricity network have left the country at risk of blackouts.