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Climate policies and energy transition

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The Climate policies and energy transition research axis whithin Ifri's Center for Energy & Climate deals with the climate change policies adopted at national levels, as well as the positions of the main emitting countries in the international climate negociations. In particular, this area focuses on the implementation of the Paris Agreement on climate and global efforts to reduce green-house gas emissions to limit the increase of temperature at +1,5° by 2100.

Marc-Antoine EYL-MAZZEGA

Director of Ifri’s Center for Energy & Climate

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Carole MATHIEU

Head of EU Policies, Center for Energy & Climate

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Hugo LE PICARD

Research Fellow, Center for Energy & Climate

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Cédric PHILIBERT

Associate Research Fellow, Center for Energy & Climate

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21/09/2021

All key candidates have climate neutrality by 2045 in sight yet Germany is preparing to embark on a high-speed decarbonization train that has neither enough power nor rails to lead to its final destination. Beyond slogans and principles, effective strategies have often been missing.

17/09/2021

The laws of physics and the geographic realities will prevail over the myths of hydrogen (H2): it will essentially be delivering carbon-neutral feedstocks to the chemical and steelmaking industries, carbon-neutral fuels to shipping and aviation, and eventually ensuring security in...

15/09/2021
By: Alain KARSENTY

Deforestation continues at a worrying pace worldwide, except in temperate and boreal countries. It is caused by the race for land, underpinned by population growth and rising global demand for “deforestation-prone” products. Moreover, with climate change, mega-fires are now posing...

25/08/2021

A second wave of projects is under development, and it is much different from the 2000 wave. While Norway, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands are at its forefront, France and Germany have major competencies, and many projects could be carried out in these countries.

09/07/2021
By: Isabelle ROUSSEAU

In power for three years, President Lopez Obrador leads a National Revolution. The energy sector sees the strengthening of the State and state-owned companies, the Federal Electricity Company and Petróleos Mexicanos, against the liberalization principles implemented in the Energy Reform (2013...

25/06/2021

If sub-Saharan Africa followed the same model of economic development as the rest of the world, focused on the growth of carbon intensive industries, cities and infrastructures, it would seal the planet's climate future. Africa’s emissions today are among the lowest per capita in the world: 0...

15/06/2021
By: Carole MATHIEU, (ed.) , Arnault BARICHELLA, Christian de PERTHUIS, Monica NAGASHIMA, Kevin TU

The world’s largest emitting countries are reconsidering the role of carbon pricing instruments and increasingly looking at carbon border adjustment mechanisms (CBAMs) to address leakage concerns. This renewed momentum should trigger a broader discussion on how to make trade policies...

09/06/2021
By: Eloïse COUFFON

The European Union’s energy infrastructure policy has become obsolete with the adoption of both the Green Deal and the 2050 climate neutrality target. The ongoing review of the regulation on Trans-European Energy Networks (TEN-E) should lead to an-depth discussion on Europe’s energy transition...

25
Oct
2021
Monday 25 October 2021 to Tuesday 26 October 2021
from Monday 25 October 2021 14:00 to Tuesday 26 October 2021 12:30 - Seminars and Round-table Conferences

Since 1983, the QUAD gathers every year, the SWP, RAND Corporation, Chatham House and Ifri. The QUAD was set up during the Euromissile crisis and brings together European and American diplomats, military officers, journalists and research fellow to debate on current geopolitical issues.<...>

30
Jun
2021
Wednesday 30 June 2021
from 09:00 to 11:00 - Videoconference

In direct response to the climate diplomacy push by US President Joe Biden, Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga announced a new 2030 goal to reduce emissions by 46% from 2013 levels, representing a significant additional effort compared to the country’s previous commitment under the Paris...

26
May
2021
Wednesday 26 May 2021
from 09:00 to 11:00 - Videoconference

Hydrogen will play a role for reaching climate neutrality and is key to industrial recovery strategies in Europe. Japan and Germany have developed large hydrogen import plans, while others, such as Australia, Chile, Saudi Arabia, the UK, Spain, Portugal or Russia, are planning for exports....

19
May
2021
Wednesday 19 May 2021
from 09:00 to 10:30 - Videoconference

President Xi has surprised both the world and Chinese stakeholders in announcing the carbon neutrality objective by 2060. Yet the first announcements on China’s new Five Year Plan give little hope for a substantial policy adjustment in order to peak greenhouse gas emissions in the coming years...

15
Apr
2021
Thursday 15 April 2021
from 12:45 to 14:00 - Videoconference

Electricity systems of the North-West area of continental Europe will go through fundamental changes in the coming years. Decarbonization and diversification strategies adopted in Belgium, France, Germany and the Netherlands will lead to a swift phase out of large amounts of dispatchable coal...

11
Feb
2021
Thursday 11 February 2021
from 12:30 to 14:00 - Videoconference

Italy is firmly committed to decarbonizing its economy, with policy measures including phasing out coal by 2025, encouraging home renovations with generous tax breaks and expanding the use of renewables in the electricity, heating, and transport sectors. 

19/11/2020
By: Kevin TU, quoted by Bloomberg

Asia’s biggest economy wants to promote fuel cells for trucks. Renewable energy investments should make hydrogen less costly. Tesla Inc.Chief Executive Officer Elon Musk has spent years mocking the idea of using hydrogen fuel cells rather than electric batteries to power next-generation green...

05/05/2020

Economic recovery measures taken by several governments in the world so far are not aligned with the Paris Agreement. Yet some governments took important steps in the right direction but they are often insufficient. Two cases stand out : South Korea and the EU. But delivering on the ambitions...

30/09/2019
By: Marc-Antoine EYL-MAZZEGA, quoted by Frédéric Simon in Euractiv

The prospects for biogas in Europe look bright, with conservative estimates pointing to a tenfold increase in production by 2030. However, the industry will need to stay rooted in the local economy and come clean on environmental credentials if it wants to avoid a green backlash, analysts say....

13/05/2019

Over and again, legislators worldwide are confronting the same question: which technologies do we subsidise and support, when, by how much, and for how long. Get it right and those costs will reduce and should disappear once scale is reached. Solar and wind are on their way to proving...

10/05/2019
By: Carole MATHIEU, quoted by Nicholas Nhede on Smart Energy International

Carole Mathieu of the French Institute of International Relations explains some of the developments between the EU battery manufacturing and automaker industries and how they impact on the region's contributions towards the global energy storage market.