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Climate policies and energy transition

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The Climate policies and energy transition research axis whithin Ifri's Center for Energy & Climate deals with the climate change policies adopted at national levels, as well as the positions of the main emitting countries in the international climate negociations. In particular, this area focuses on the implementation of the Paris Agreement on climate and global efforts to reduce green-house gas emissions to limit the increase of temperature at +1,5° by 2100.

Marc-Antoine EYL-MAZZEGA

Director of Ifri’s Center for Energy & Climate

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Diana-Paula GHERASIM

Research Fellow, Head of European energy and climate policies, Center for Energy & Climate

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Thibault MICHEL

Research Fellow, Center for Energy & Climate

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Hugo LE PICARD

Associate Research Fellow, Center for Energy & Climate

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Cédric PHILIBERT

Associate Research Fellow, Center for Energy & Climate

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01/03/2024

Electric vehicles (EVs) are better for the climate – even in worst-case scenarios. Across its life cycle, a typical European electric car produces less greenhouse gas (GHG) and air pollutants or noise than its petrol or diesel equivalent. Emissions are usually higher in the production phase,...

25/01/2024

The European Green Deal has not been planned for the current extraordinarily deteriorated internal and external environment. Russia’s war in Ukraine, higher interest rates, inflation, strained public finances, weakened value chains, and lack of crucial skills pose unprecedented challenges....

11/01/2024

Lula was elected President of the Republic on October 30, 2022, after a closer-thanexpected second round, with 50.9% of the votes cast and just 2.1 million votes over the incumbent, Jair Bolsonaro. His vice-president is Geraldo Alckmin, from the centre-right. However, in the legislative...

30/11/2023

The UN climate conference in Dubai faces a moment of troubled geopolitical agenda lowering the focus on the climate emergency, but natural ecosystems will not wait for human decisions. A challenging test for the survival of diplomacy.

16/11/2023

“Humanity has opened the gates of hell”, said the UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres during the Climate Ambition Summit, in New York, in September 2023, three months before COP28. The sense of urgency that he conveyed seems shared across the international community. 

08/11/2023
By: Marc-Antoine EYL-MAZZEGA, Diana-Paula GHERASIM, Clémentine VANNIER, Adam CONTU

The deployment at scale of electric mobility in France and in Europe withholds significant industrial, societal, geopolitical, and financial challenges, against the backdrop of strategic dependencies along the value chain of the electric vehicle (EV).

04/07/2023

North-South tensions are exacerbated at a time of unprecedented turmoil for both Europeans and Africans. European polycrises (geopolitical, energy-related and economic) echo the systematic vulnerability of Africans, which is reinforced by external shocks.

20/06/2023

Finance is arguably the most sensitive climate negotiation topic. Different studies have shown that rich countries emit the majority of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, while the climate footprint of the poorest countries is much more limited.

15/06/2023
By: Sylvie CORNOT-GANDOLPHE

Although late in adopting clean hydrogen (H2) and defining a national strategy–a draft was presented by the Department of Energy (DOE) in September 2022–, the United States (US) has strongly reinforced its support to clean hydrogen with the passage of the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) in...

19/04/2023

Russia’s war in Ukraine, and the brutal decoupling from Russian fossil fuels, is a game changer for the Central and Eastern Europe region which was still heavily dependent on Russia for its energy supply. 

01
Feb
2024
Thursday 01 February 2024
from 08:30 to 11:00 - External Events

The European Union's energy transition has historically never been so advanced, yet never so vulnerable. Over the last four years, the European Union (EU) has experienced significant growth in renewable energy capacities, Electric Vehicle (EV), and heat pump adoption. Progress has...

21
Sep
2023
Thursday 21 September 2023
from 09:00 to 10:30 - Videoconferences

The United States of America has deployed the powerful tool of the Inflation Reduction Act to stimulate decarbonization investments, support all low carbon technologies and prioritize homemade technological leadership. 

16
Jun
2023
Friday 16 June 2023
from 08:45 to 17:00 - Conférences

Germany’s transition to climate neutrality will require large volumes of low carbon hydrogen and byproducts (H2). A large part will have to be imported, and German companies plan to play a key role across significant portions of the value chains with the backing of the government.

13
Feb
2023
Monday 13 February 2023
from 11:30 to 13:00 - Videoconferences

At COP15 on Biodiversity in Montreal last month, a historical deal was reached, which includes the goal of protecting 30% of the world’s land and water ecosystems, mobilizing USD 200 billion, and moving away from environmentally harmful investments.

11
May
2022
Wednesday 11 May 2022
from 12:30 to 14:15 - Videoconferences

The first REPowerEU proposals aimed at reducing Russian gas demand, boosting resilience and decarbonization, call for a hydrogen accelerator with 10 Mt of additional hydrogen imports by 2030 and 5 Mt of additional domestic production, compared to 10 Mt of domestic production planned in the Fit...

14
Mar
2022
Monday 14 March 2022
from 12:30 to 14:00 - Videoconferences

Russia’s war with Ukraine has multiple spillover effects on Europe’s energy systems which face multiple threats adding up to systemic weaknesses and challenges. 

15
Dec
2021
Wednesday 15 December 2021
from 16:00 to 18:00 - Videoconferences

Brazil has announced at COP 26 its intention to achieve net zero emissions by 2050 and eliminate illegal deforestation by 2028. With this new commitment from the government of Jair Bolsonaro, Brazil is entering a new phase which aims to end three years of climate diplomacy isolation due to its...

17
Nov
2021
Wednesday 17 November 2021
from 17:00 to 18:30 - Seminars and Round-table Conferences

Germany's September Parliamentary elections opened the way for coalition negotiations that may last until December. Yet first hints at directions and red lines in energy and climate policy can be identified as the country must prepare for an accelerated decarbonisation. 

17
Nov
2021
Wednesday 17 November 2021
from 12:30 to 14:00 - Videoconferences

Across the tropical world, the race for land continues to fuel deforestation and threatens the stability of climate, territorial biodiversity and freshwater cycles. The central challenge is to preserve these ecological services without undermining national sovereignty on forest resources.

27/07/2023
By: Marc-Antoine EYL-MAZZEGA, interviewed by Kamen Kraev for NUCNET

Argument that reactors are expensive "does not hold any more", conference hears. Nuclear plants will be needed for the future stability of Europe’s grid, Marc-Antoine Eyl-Mazzega said. 

22/06/2023

The recent energy crisis has highlighted our economies' dependence on energy resources. With fossil fuels becoming less available, and a necessary transition to more decarbonised alternatives, could tomorrow's energy not become more expensive and less certain in...

21/11/2022
By: Diana-Paula GHERASIM, interviewed by Rim Berahab via the organisation Policy Center for the New South

The European Green Deal (EGD) is the single most defining policy initiative of the Von der Leyen Commission. Since its publication in December 2019, it has become the European Union’s (EU) new raison d’être.

11/10/2022

Replay from Ifri's conference at the European Parliament in Brussels (October 11, 2022). The combination of the climate crisis and Russia’s war in Ukraine makes the case for a much faster transition to a fully decarbonized power system. 

 

30/03/2022
By: Fatih Birol, Executive Director of the International Energy Agency (IEA).

Fatih Birol, Executive Director of the International Energy Agency (IEA), makes 5 key recommendations for the future of French energy & climate policies to foster energy security and achieve climate objectives:

19/11/2020
By: Kevin TU, quoted by Bloomberg

Asia’s biggest economy wants to promote fuel cells for trucks. Renewable energy investments should make hydrogen less costly. Tesla Inc.Chief Executive Officer Elon Musk has spent years mocking the idea of using hydrogen fuel cells rather than electric batteries to power next-generation green...