The European Green Deal (EGD) is the single most defining policy initiative of the Von der Leyen Commission. Since its publication in December 2019, it has become the European Union’s (EU) new raison d’être.
This year's COP27 in Egypt can deliver further progress in spite of the crises. Mitigation must remain central with a focus on effective implementation: the JET-Ps can be further advanced, and energy efficiency & savings, curbing fugitive methane emissions and rolling out solar & smart systems are some of the best responses for the short term. Mobilizing climate finance in times of inflation and high US interest rates is key. Solidarity with the most vulnerables too. Avoiding further emission lock-ins, in a rapidly urbanizing & metallic world, too: from additional desalination industries, cement, steel, plastics, mining...and coal ! And for the COP15 conference on biodiversity, effectively protecting the oceans and forests could be a game-changer.
The COP26, held at the end of 2021 in Glasgow, was emphatically heralded as “the last best hope for the world to get its act together”.
A Green-Blue Alliance in Motion: Pacific Island Countries and Europe Fighting Climate Change Briefings de l’Ifri, October 2022
The Pacific Islands Countries (PICs) were the first to ratify the Paris climate agreement in 2015. Indeed, for them, climate change has had very concrete implications for years. Islanders have seen the sea level rising, endangering the very existence of atolls. They have also experienced...
Water desalination is progressively becoming the leading solution to deal with the growing water stress, i.e. the imbalance between the demand for water and the quantity available. The United Nations estimates that within 2025, two thirds of the world's population will be concerned by these...
Redefining the Netherlands' Energy Future : Societal Implications of the Nearing End of Dutch Natural Gas
For decades, the large Groningen gas field has been a central pillar of the Dutch welfare state. The availability of gas was so self-evident that many generations still identify with the slogan “Nederland gasland” (“The Netherlands, a gas country”). The nearing end of Dutch gas now...
Facing multiple crises, the European Commission (EC), backed by European Union (EU) Member States, has embarked on a pathway to accelerate the decarbonization of the EU energy system, while fostering its resilience and accelerating the roll out of hydrogen and derivative by-products.
To succeed in the challenge of reindustrializing France, French and European companies must undertake a dual process of digital and environmental transformation, in a context of international competition.
Five Years after China’s Plastic Import Ban: Have Europeans Taken Responsibility? Briefings de l'Ifri, July 4, 2022
After the 2017 Chinese waste import ban, the international and European Union (EU) legislative framework on waste exports has been revised.
Moving towards a metallic age: building industry resilience through a strategic storage mechanism for Rare Earth Metals Ifri Notes, May 2022
The decarbonisation of our economies, along with the challenges of strengthening the resilience of industrial value chains, reindustrialisation, notably through low-carbon and digital technologies, and the end of a period of cheap oil and gas, are accelerating the advent of an era of increased...
The EU’s Renewables Expansion Challenge Towards 2030: Mobilizing for a Mission Almost Impossible Notes de l'Ifri, May 2022
Only eight years are left to expand by almost three times the current total installed wind and solar energy capacity in the European Union (EU) in adding around 600 gigawatts (GW), and so reach the highly-ambitious 2030 targets. This requires a mobilization whose scale is immense – amidst...