In the far northeast of the Democratic Republic of Congo, the province of Ituri experienced a decade of relative peace between 2007 and 2017 and is nowadays victim of the resurgence of its historic inter-communal conflict between the Hema and the Lendu.
With over 150 publications issued each year
under an open access policy in French, English, German and Russian,
Ifri enriches the international debate with a constant concern for
objectivity, intellectual rigor, transversality, openness, and support to public and private decision-making.
Can the Biggest Emitters Set Up a Climate Club? A Review of International Carbon Pricing Debates Études de l'Ifri, June 2021
The world’s largest emitting countries are reconsidering the role of carbon pricing instruments and increasingly looking at carbon border adjustment mechanisms (CBAMs) to address leakage concerns. This renewed momentum should trigger a broader discussion on how to make trade policies...
The end of the Trump presidency has demonstrated both the strength of institutions and their weakness.
The Economic and Political Consequences of Falling Oil Production in Sub-Saharan Africa by 2030 Etudes de l'Ifri, June 2021
The sharp rebound in oil prices since the second half of 2020, to nearly $70 per barrel in May 2021, represents only a temporary respite for oil-dependent African economies that must change their economic model very quickly.
Is the TEN-E Regulation Fit for a Decarbonized Future? A Battle to Shape the European Energy Transition Briefings de l'Ifri, June 9, 2021
The European Union’s energy infrastructure policy has become obsolete with the adoption of both the Green Deal and the 2050 climate neutrality target. The ongoing review of the regulation on Trans-European Energy Networks (TEN-E) should lead to an-depth discussion on Europe’s energy transition...
Mass vaccination against COVID-19 identifies several groups of countries: rich countries with rapid vaccination; countries that develop and produce vaccines, but do not prioritize vaccination of their own population; and poorer countries that will only achieve herd immunity by 2022 or 2023.
When dealing with China, Japan has assumed a position that protects its economic cooperation with Beijing, ensures Chinese aggressive strategies are deterred and guarantees its overall economic security: security of supply, autonomy in technological development, etc.
In the event of a major conflict, Iran could decide to close the Strait of Hormuz, which would cause a global energy crisis.
China is exerting pressure on its surrounding area in South-East Asia to implement its concept of a “community with a shared destiny”.