The February 2021 coup encountered a level of resistance that the military did not expect: demonstrations, boycotts, and a slide toward an armed resistance against repression from the authorities.
With over 150 publications issued each year
under an open access policy in French, English, German and Russian,
Ifri enriches the international debate with a constant concern for
objectivity, intellectual rigor, transversality, openness, and support to public and private decision-making.
What Progress on the Paris Agreement on Climate Change? Politique étrangère, Vol. 87, No. 1, Spring 2022
At COP26, a long-term target to keep global warming below 1.5°C was set. This goal is inconsistent with the commitments that the signatory countries have made in terms of reducing their greenhouse gas emissions by 2030.
During COP26, Beijing and the Biden administration committed to reviving Sino-American cooperation on climate issues, in the name of their common interest in climate stability.
Ethiopia has been in a state of civil war since November 2020. The hostilities have already gone through several phases.
Digital Sovereignty Review of Macron’s Term and Debates in the 2022 Presidential Campaign Briefings de l’Ifri, March 15, 2022
One month before the French presidential election, this briefing assesses the actions undertaken during Macron's term as well as the presidential candidates' proposals concerning France's digital sovereignty.
The Weimar Triangle Three Decades After Its Foundation: Review and Prospects Allemagne d'aujourd'hui, No. 239, January-March 2022
When it was founded in August 1991, the Weimar Triangle was intended as a forum for trilateral consultations between the foreign ministers of France, the Federal Republic of Germany, and Poland on the future of Europe after the end of the Cold War.
The Paradigm Shift in German Security and Defence Policy After the Russian Invasion of Ukraine Allemagne d'aujourd'hui, No. 239, January-March 2022
The German government has long hesitated to take a position on the crisis between Russia and Ukraine. It has refused to question the planned commissioning of Nord Stream 2 and to supply Ukraine with weapons.
The Space Downstream Sector: Challenges for the Emergence of a European Space Economy Etudes de l'Ifri, March 2022
As the commercial anchor of the space sector, the downstream sector plays an essential role in Europe where industry focuses mainly on application markets and where socio-economic considerations have become the main driver of space policy.
The EU’s Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism: A Piece in the Industry Decarbonization Puzzle Briefings de l’Ifri, March 9, 2022
The Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) is a first step toward reconciling the European Union (EU)’s climate and trade interests. However, a complementary set of domestic and external policies will be needed to drive the decarbonization of European and global energy-intensive industries....
The Sino-Lithuanian Crisis: Going beyond the Taiwanese Representative Office Issue Briefings de l'Ifri, March 8, 2022
The year 2021 marked the 30th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Lithuania. Instead of commemorative events and customary lofty rhetoric, the bilateral relationship rapidly plunged to a level rarely seen in either country’s foreign policies...