Turkey has undergone significant transformations since the Justice and Development Party (AKP) came to power in 2002, as illustrated by the notable growth of its airline industry. Turkish Airlines (THY) is the main company based in the country, and has...
Middle East / North Africa
Today, the geopolitics of the Middle East is undergoing deep structural changes. The regional order is in transition in the aftermath of the Arab Spring, which shook authoritarian governance and facilitated competition for power against the backdrop of American...
The economies of the Persian Gulf are highly dependent on their petrol exports, particularly to Asia.
The geopolitical shadow of the Gulf now extends far beyond the Middle East as a function the external dealings of Iran and the countries of the Arabian Peninsula.
In the last decade, Jordan has been facing a resurgence in public discontent against harsh living conditions and the corruption of the regime.
RAMSES 2020. A World without a Compass?, written by Ifri's research team and external experts, offers an in-depth and up-to-date analysis of geopolitics in today’s world.
Emirates Airline, Etihad Airways and Qatar Airways: Global Airline Companies Promoting the International Position and Reputation of Dubai, Abu Dhabi and Qatar Etudes de l'Ifri, July 2019
Airports in the Gulf emirates are major transit hubs in global airline networks today. Apart from their “advantageous” geographical location, their development results primarily from the ambitions of political actors seeking to maintain their power. This has led especially to the creation of...
The Shifting Foundations of Political Islam in Algeria CARNEGIE Middle East Center Paper, April 2019
Understanding Algeria’s various Islamist communities—including militant groups, moderate factions, and grassroots movements—offers a window into the country’s uncertain sociopolitical future.
Since February 22, thousands and then millions of Algerians have taken to the streets every Friday to protest against the fifth term of their ailing eighty-two-year-old president, Abdelaziz Bouteflika.
North Africa and the Middle East a priori appeared as fragile spaces in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic: significant migratory flows, strong social inequalities as well as in the access to health structures, weak governance, violent protests and open wars could all amplify the...
A videoconference around Dorothée Schmid, head of Ifri’s Turkey / Middle-East Pogram.
Economics are an underestimated factor in the analysis of armed conflicts in the Middle East. It is however an increasingly determining variable in the social and political balance of powers within the states, as illustrated by the 2011 ‘Arab springs’, but also on a regional level.<...>
Division or Reconciliation: The Changing Political Agenda and Role of Think Tanks in the Next Decade? Council of Councils Twelfth Regional Conference
The 12th regional conference of Council of Councils (CoC) will take place at Ifri from November 17 to 19, 2019. An initiative of the Council on Foreign Relations, the CoC strives to define major foreign policy challenges by...
Global cybersecurity challenges: Disentangling risks and opportunities in international politics Ifri-PCNS Roundtables
International politics are increasingly intertwined with cyber-related issues. Cyberattacks are more and more frequent and sophisticated; their perpetrators, like their victims, may be governments or private actors.
The Think Thank 7 (T7) is an engagement group that brings together the leading Think Tanks from the G7 countries in order to analyze and make recommendations on key issues of the G7 presidency.
The global dialogue on migration is frequently stalled due to contradictory interests and positions between the countries of the North (Europe and North America) and the South.
The Syrian imbroglio has arguably proved to be the most consequential foreign policy topics for Turkey in decades, structurally impacting Ankara's vision and priorities as well as its regional engagement.
Toward a Global Low Carbon Transition: What Sustainable Opportunities for Africa? Ifri-OCP Policy Center Roundtables
Despite its marginal contribution to the historical growth in greenhouse gas emissions, the African continent could be one of the most vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change.
Since 1983, the QUAD gathers every year, the SWP, RAND Corporation, Chatham House and Ifri.
Turkey is looking to revive a fragile ceasefire in Aleppo, and the planned evacuation of civilians, which brokered with Russia. But why is Ankara, a staunch opponent of Damascus, interested in helping to create an outcome that would benefit President Assad? Amanda Morrow put the question to...
Después de haber rehuido durante años implicarse en una región que considera un avispero, China quiere finalmente mostrarse como un participante más activo en Oriente Medio. La visita que el presidente chino, Xi Jinping, comienza este martes a Arabia Saudí, Irán y Egipto señala la creciente...