Since gaining independence in 1960, Somalia has enjoyed only a few periods of stability.
The Security Issues research axis of Ifri's Sub-Saharan Africa Center explores the security stakes at play in the Sahel and in the Great Lakes regions. It notably examines the armed movements, the economies of illicit trades and the tensions surounding natural ressources.
Thinking and Anticipating the Socio-Economic Impacts of the Humanitarian Response in the Central African Republic Notes de l'Ifri, July 2015
Nowadays, the Central African Republic (CAR) is a country dependent on international aid.
Boko Haram, an Exception within the Jihadist Movement? Politique étrangère, Vol. 80, No. 2, Summer 2015
Boko Haram was created in 2002 and has been led since 2010 by Abubakar Shekau; however, we still know little about it.
South Sudan is still neither a state nor a nation. Torn apart by ethnic rivalries, divided between diverging ideas about state organization, its only means of political dialogue is war.
DRC’S Regional Positioning, in Between the African Great Lakes and Southern Africa Notes de l'Ifri, May 2015
How transparent are the Democratic Republic of Congo’s regional strategies?
Fake medicines trafficking in West Africa: Supply chains and distribution networks (Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana) Notes de l'Ifri, December 2014
On December 13, 2013, in response to an Interpol initiative, the first ever African Conference on pharmaceutical crime was held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Its final communiqué declared the intention of 20 countries to reinforce the struggle against the production of counterfeit drugs.
The Central African Republic: Analysis of a Largely Unknown Crisis Politique étrangère, Vol. 79, No. 3, Fall 2014
Displaced peoples, insecurity over food and sanitation, economic devastation, worsening community tensions: the Central African Republic is going through what must be the worst crisis in its history.
Both perpetrators and forms of violence change. States are no longer the central referents of contemporary conflicts. We can no longer understand them as the outcome of a linear history starting from tribal societies and leading to Western political structures.
On 24 August 2011, President Idriss Déby Itno of Chad recognised the National Transitional Council (NTC) as the only legitimate authority in Libya. Until then, the Chadian president had been a firm ally of the Guide of the Great Jahamiriya, President Qaddafi of Libya. Déby had sustained his...
France and the Fight against Terrorism in the Sahel: The History of a Difficult Leadership Role Notes de l'Ifri, juin 2013
Except for its extreme poverty and the disastrous effects of a series of droughts, the Sahel region has been largely out of the spotlight of international attention in the past. Yet the rise of terrorism and especially the creation of Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) in 2007 brought the...