Associate Research Fellow,Sub-Saharan Africa Center
- Risk and conflict analysis
- Security sector reform
- Governance of natural resources
- Central Africa, Southern Africa, Great Lakes region
- Relations between China and Africa
Since achieving independence in 1962, Burundi has experienced several episodes of civil war, the last of which came to end when the Arusha Accord was signed in 2000. The gradual return to peace in the wake of the Arusha Accord has been jeopardised by Pierre Nkurunziza’s announcement on 25th...
Regionalizing Maritime Security in the Gulf of Guinea: A Short-term Solution Politique étrangère, Vol. 80, No. 3, Autumn 2015
Piracy and armed robbery at sea are a threat to security in the hydrocarbon-rich Gulf of Guinea.
For the new geopolitical reality called “Chinafrica”, the future may not be destined to be as radiant as the official win-win rhetoric would have us believe. Although the beginning of the century was notable for the exponential development of Sino-African trade (which grew from $10 ...
Thinking and Anticipating the Socio-Economic Impacts of the Humanitarian Response in the Central African Republic Notes de l'Ifri, July 2015
Nowadays, the Central African Republic (CAR) is a country dependent on international aid.
The European Union's Development Aid : from Development to Security, the Example of the European Development Fund
In the course of its institutional development and the expansion of its activities, the European Union (EU) has tended to pile up rather than to rationalize its policies, creating a financial tool per objective. As a result, the European funds have become a labyrinth, for which management...
How to Create a Public Policy in a Failed State: The Challenge of Securing Land Rights in Eastern Congo Notes de l'Ifri, October 2012
In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) 32 years of dictatorship and almost ten years of war have bled the country dry and left its administration incapable of providing the population with basic services and the government incapable of applying or even formulating public policy.
Violence in the Bush: How International Peacebuilding Faces Land-use Conflicts Notes de l'Ifri, February 2010
Following the conflict in Ituri (1999-2003), the International Community deployed different peacebuilding programs in this north-eastern district of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Built around a concept of democratic transition at the national level, these programs have not always...
What are the prospects after the nomination of Zimbabwe's national unity government? L'Afrique en Questions, No. 6, April 24, 2009
Summary: Following repeated bouts of political violence, which were exacerbated by the presidential and legislative elections of 29 March 2008, opposition members and the government of Zimbabwe undertook lengthy and difficult negotiations to put an end to the unrest. These negotiations...
Thabo Mbeki's Fall and Succession: Interview with Thierry Vircoulon L'Afrique en questions, No. 4, November 2008
Summary: South Africa's president since 1999, Thabo Mbeki was forced to resign before the end of his mandate after he lost the trust of ANC, his own party. This dismissal happens at a time when South Africa's economical and social context becomes confused. (The Text in English is going...