Nowadays, numerous actors are involved in military cooperation programs aiming to strengthen African armed forces and build special partnerships.
A Democratic Middle Class? Testing a Common Notion in Uganda L'Afrique en questions, No. 44, 17 December 2018
Deep Seabed Mining of Critical Metals: Strategic and Governance Challenges Édito Énergie, December 2018
Interest in deep seabed mining is growing due to the increasing in global demand for metals and recent technological progress. Critical metals are used in low carbon energy technologies, as well as in the mobility, electronics and the defense industries. Metals become strategic when they are...
China’s Ambitions in Eastern Europe and the South Caucasus Russie.Nei.Visions, No. 112, Ifri, December 2018
Eastern Europe and the South Caucasus have long been a blind-spot for Chinese diplomacy and economic policy. For over a decade, however, China has been laying the foundations of a long-term presence in the area, a process which has accelerated since the end of 2013 with the launch of the Belt...
Strategic competition between India and China in the Indian Ocean is growing and has the potential to profoundly impact the stability and security of the region. The Indian Ocean is becoming the scene of a sustained contest that in some ways resembles strategic competition during the Cold War....
The need for a strategic recycling approach to take up the challenge of critical metals Edito Energie, December 2018
In September 2010, China stopped all exports of rare earths and associated products to Japan, depriving Japan’s industry of essential raw materials. This decision highlighted the tensions around the trade of critical materials and China’s monopoly on a group of particular metals. Western...
Digital Transformation of the Industry: The Franco-German Challenge Notes du Cerfa, No. 145, Ifri, December 2018
The issue of the digital transformation of the industry provoked in France as in Germany the return of the state and the introduction of a subsidiary industrial policy. Feeling threatened in its industrial leadership, Germany mobilized its resources through industry 4.0 by building a vision...
Political Values in Europe-China Relations A report of the European Think-tank Network on China (ETNC), December 2018
What role do political values play in Europe-China relations 70 years after the signing of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?
La crise des opioïdes aux États-Unis. D’un abus de prescriptions à une épidémie aiguë Potomac Paper, n° 35, décembre 2018
The opioid crisis in the U.S. has reached increasingly tragic proportions – accounting for two thirds of the 72,000 overdose deaths of 2017.
Trump’s Trade Wars: The Outcry Against Multilateralism Politique étrangère, Vol. 83, No. 4, Winter 2018-2019
The aim of multilateral trade as established after the Second World War was to prevent trade wars.