Against the backdrop of the war in Ukraine, the Bundeswehr has been led to refocus on territorial defense and collective security, which constituted the core of its activity for decades. This evolution break with the long period of efforts during which the Bundeswehr painfully tried to...
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More Europe in the face of realpolitik’s return? French perspectives on 30 years of German reunification Commentary in New Eastern Europe, Paris, September 29. 2022
The current geopolitical situation has disrupted the European and global order, which were both consolidated in the 1990s and have been key factors in the modern German model. The Franco-German duo is currently facing new challenges and it will have to respond appropriately in a time when the...
Redefining the Netherlands' Energy Future : Societal Implications of the Nearing End of Dutch Natural Gas
For decades, the large Groningen gas field has been a central pillar of the Dutch welfare state. The availability of gas was so self-evident that many generations still identify with the slogan “Nederland gasland” (“The Netherlands, a gas country”). The nearing end of Dutch gas now...
Facing multiple crises, the European Commission (EC), backed by European Union (EU) Member States, has embarked on a pathway to accelerate the decarbonization of the EU energy system, while fostering its resilience and accelerating the roll out of hydrogen and derivative by-products.
Japan’s Africa policy: Back to basics in times of crisis Istituto per gli Studi di Politica Internazionale (ISPI), 16 septembre 2022
Addressing remotely the 8th Japan-Africa TICAD Summit held in Tunis between August 27th and 28th, Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida pledged $30 billion in public and private contributions to the African continent over the course of the next three years. This is a quite a remarkable...
Réindustrialiser la France : les défis de la transformation numérique et environnementale Études de l’Ifri, September 2022
To succeed in the challenge of reindustrializing France, French and European companies must undertake a dual process of digital and environmental transformation, in a context of international competition.
The war in Ukraine has revived discussion about the Washington-Beijing-Moscow triangle and about Europe’s place in geopolitical power struggles.
From the beginning of the war in Ukraine, Beijing has adopted an outward posture of neutrality while in fact supporting Moscow.
Beyond the tactical sphere, the conflict in Ukraine has already had numerous repercussions, and its conclusion will provoke many more in the global system. In this special issue, Politique étrangère explores some potential outcomes.
The U.S. Political Landscape Two Months Before Midterms. Can the Democrats Avoid Defeat? Briefings de l'Ifri, September 12, 2022
The Biden Administration has succeeded this summer in passing several important pieces of legislation. In addition to progressive societal measures that break with the Supreme Court's rulings, the Administration has focused on the economy and the environment: the CHIPS Act and the Inflation...