The bilateral defense agreement signed by France and Greece in September 2021 confirms the strategic turn of the relationship between the two countries. It was already unveiled in 2020 when Paris supported Athens to counter Turkish maritime operations that France and Greece considered very...
With over 150 publications issued each year
under an open access policy in French, English, German and Russian,
Ifri enriches the international debate with a constant concern for
objectivity, intellectual rigor, transversality, openness, and support to public and private decision-making.
Convince and Coerce: U.S. Interference in Technology Exchanges Between its Allies and China Études de l’Ifri, February 2022
The tough-on-China policy adopted by the Trump and Biden administrations has – and will increasingly have – important consequences for Washington’s allies, both on their infrastructure choices (5G, submarine cables...) and on their technological exchanges with China.
Crowded and Dangerous Orbits: European Space Governance at a Time of Potentially Saturating Programs Notes de l'Ifri, February 2022
The unprecedented growth of space activities, the multiplication as well as diversification of players involved in the exploitation of outer space, and even, more generally, the dependence of all sectors of activity on space infrastructures are some of the main phenomena that have led to a...
Governing Cities in Africa. A Panorama of Challenges and Perspectives Etudes de l'Ifri, February 2022
By 2050, about 60% of the population of Sub-Saharan Africa will live in urban areas. The governance of the rapid growth of capital and intermediary cities in Africa is one of the priorities of the international development agenda.
Quantum physics, a field little known to the general public and relatively difficult to grasp as its laws are counter-intuitive, constitutes nevertheless a critical field of international strategic competition.
French Engagement in the Western Balkans: Boosting Strategic, Political, Economic, and Societal Cooperation Etudes de l'Ifri, February 2022
After years of lower interest, France has signaled its ambition to re-engage in the Western Balkans. It is not starting from scratch. Historical affinities with the countries of the region abound, in culture, sciences, politics, and economy.
A Sino-Congolese Scandal. Illegal Exploitation of Minerals and Forests by Chinese Companies in South Kivu Notes de l'Ifri, February 2022
Since 2020, the exploitation of gold from mining sites in the Wamuzimu chiefdom in the South Kivu province by Chinese companies has aroused great discontent among the population.
France’s policy vis-à-vis the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has always been ambivalent. On paper, France’s strategic culture fits well within NATO’s nature and agenda. Yet, in practice, French membership of NATO has always been uneasy. Several intra-alliance developments...
Rewinding the Clock? US-Russia Relations in the Biden Era Russie.Nei.Reports, No. 36, Ifri, February 2022
The escalating crisis in Ukraine in the winter of 2021-2022 has returned US-Russia relations to center stage.
Power to the Cooks! New Clean Cooking Opportunities for Sustainable Development in Sub-Saharan Africa Briefings de l'Ifri, February 1st, 2022
2.6 billion people globally and 1 billion in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) cook using biomass fuel. The detrimental effects on the environment and public health, as well as the time and money lost are considerable. If nothing new is done, this situation will worsen further in SSA.