Digital power refers to any actor’s ability to exploit digital data to help influence the behavior of other actors on the international stage and to achieve its own ends. It is about understanding how it influences events in the real world, despite its “intangible” nature.
30 ans après la chute du Mur. Une Allemagne unifiée, une population désunie Notes du Cerfa, No. 150, Ifri, November 2019
Thirty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, celebrations have taken a disappointing turn. The electoral successes of the far-right German party AfD (Alternative for Germany (in German: Alternative für Deutschland)) in Saxony, Brandenburg and Thuringia in...
Hong Kong : The 2019 Protest Movement and the Future of Autonomy Asie.Visions, No. 109, November 2019
The current protest movement in Hong Kong, which began with the proposed extradition law in June 2019 that would have considerably weakened the judicial border between Hong Kong and Mainland China, has set itself apart from the city’s numerous movements in recent years by its massive following...
Europe’s architecture of security in the current strategic environment: Taking the path toward "strategic autonomy" in Freya Grünhagen and Tobias Koepf, The changing global order – Which role for the European Union?, Genshagener Papiere, No. 23, October 2019
As the world stage is marked by renewed great power competition, Europe lacks proper means to assert and defend its own independent political view. Despite this backdrop, the authors of this report contend that the current stalemate can be overcome with a collective and inclusive approach.
Social Networks: The Fight Against Illegal Content in Germany Notes du Cerfa, No. 149, Ifri, October 2019
The German Legislation on Improving Law Enforcement in Social Networks (Netzwerkdurchsetzungsgesetz – NetzDG), which came into force on October 1, 2017, is the legislative response to how social networks handle complaints about illegal content.
Mutual Reinforcement: CSDP and NATO in the Face of Rising Challenges Focus stratégique, No. 93, October 2019
Over the past five years, several political and security developments have made it increasingly necessary to look at European Union (EU) / North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) relations through a different lens.
2019 has marked a fundamental turning point in the energy transition of the European Union (EU).
Friends in Need: Whither the Russia-India Strategic Partnership? Russie.Nei.Visions, No. 116, Ifri, October 2019
This paper explores the latest developments in key spheres of the Russia-India relationship in order to identify the state of bilateral ties at a time when South Asia has turned into an area of geopolitical contest of both global and regional powers.
The Sanctions Policy of the European Union: Multilateral Ambitions Versus Power Politics Etudes de l'Ifri, October 2019
Restrictive measures are a major instrument of the European Union (EU)’s external action, which has emerged as one of the world’s leading sanctions emitters. The EU has thus leveraged the size of its market and its economic and financial clout (trade relations, aid policy and bilateral...
Sub-Surface Competition in the Euro-Atlantic Area: The Challenge to Western Dominance Editoriaux de l'Ifri, October 2019
Russia’s Syrian campaign has demonstrated the returning challenge the West faces in the underwater domain.