While a state of siege was declared a year ago in two Congolese provinces and Kenyan authorities organized a meeting in Nairobi between the Congolese government and armed groups, the pacification of the Congolese East remains unresolved. This study looks back at the Tshisekedi government's...
With over 150 publications issued each year
under an open access policy in French, English, German and Russian,
Ifri enriches the international debate with a constant concern for
objectivity, intellectual rigor, transversality, openness, and support to public and private decision-making.
Ifri publishes four types of electronic publications: Études de l’Ifri, Notes de l’Ifri, Briefings de l’Ifri and Éditoriaux de l’Ifri.
Études de l’Ifri are the longest format. These reports are the product of extensive research and aim to develop an in-depth analysis.
Neither surveillance nor algorithmic consumerism. Towards an alternative European model for smart cities Etudes de l'Ifri, November 2022
Numerous smart city projects are emerging, guided by objectives of efficiency and improvement of public policies. All of them are based on intensive use of data and digital tools, but their concrete achievements take various forms. Some models are being exported and are becoming levers of...
Russia’s War in Ukraine: Misleading Doctrine, Misguided Strategy Russie.Nei.Reports, No. 40, Ifri, October 2022
The blame for committing the blunder of starting the war with Ukraine is deservedly placed on President Vladimir Putin, but a single-explanation interpretation of the unfolding disaster is unsatisfactory.
The historical heritage of AUKUS: Australia-United States-United Kingdom relations since 1900 Etudes de l'Ifri, October 2022
The signing of the AUKUS partnership agreement between Australia, the United States and the United Kingdom in September 2021 seems to have reconstituted a natural coalition between “Anglo-Saxon” states. This solidarity generates contradictory judgments.
Chinese Influences in Africa 2. Myths and Realities in Economic Relations Etudes de l'Ifri, octobre 2022
China and Africa share a strong relationship since the wave of African independences in the 1960s. Nevertheless, China-Africa trade has experienced an unprecedented surge since the late 1990s and has been accompanied by the rise of a discourse of "win-win" partnership between China and Africa....
Water desalination is progressively becoming the leading solution to deal with the growing water stress, i.e. the imbalance between the demand for water and the quantity available. The United Nations estimates that within 2025, two thirds of the world's population will be concerned by these...
To succeed in the challenge of reindustrializing France, French and European companies must undertake a dual process of digital and environmental transformation, in a context of international competition.
The Pacific caught in the World Wide Web? Geopolitics of submarine cables in Oceania Etudes de l'Ifri, September 2022
This article provides a review of the digital connectivity of the Pacific Islands nations (Polynesia, Melanesia, and Micronesia) and the main challenges and prospects arising from it, at a time when the submarine cable market is undergoing profound change and a growing politicization of this...
Le retour de la haute intensité en Ukraine : quels enseignements pour les forces terrestres ? Focus stratégique, No. 111, July 2022
After twenty years of counter-terrorism, the Ukrainian battlefield marks the renewal of so-called “high-intensity” warfare. It constitutes a major strategic turning point, reversing the contemporary model of wars involving the West.
Cercles dirigeants russes : infaillible loyauté au système Poutine ? Russie.NEI.Reports, No. 38, Ifri, July 2022
Despite the unprecedented sanctions against Russia following Vladimir Putin's decision to invade Ukraine on February 24, 2022, no important member of Russia's ruling circles has defected.