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European immigration policies


Since 2015, migration issues have been at the center of European debates and have been worsening divergences of opinion and tensions among Member States of the European Union (EU). The building of common asylum and immigration policies since 1999 has not prevented a series of crises on topics such as irregular arrivals on European shores, search and rescue at sea, dispersal of asylum seekers or the management of internal and external EU borders. These crises highlight the deadlocks of the EU construction process and question European solidarity. Because of institutional deadlocks, the core of EU immigration and asylum policies is shifting outside EU borders with a series of agreements with third countries (Turkey, Morocco, Libya, Niger…). While outsourcing the management of migration flows to these countries, this policy is impacting other regional migration dynamics such as in the sub-Saharan area.


Ifri's Center for Migration and Citizenship is proposing policy papers, conferences, and cooperation with European and African experts and research fellows in order to analyze EU asylum and immigration policies with a focus on the following topics:

  • The impact of the political discussions on the future of immigration and asylum policies on the construction of the EU project;
  • The role of local authorities, cities and the civil society in European policies on asylum and immigration;
  • The place of migration issues in the EU external relations;
  • The impact of the external dimension of EU policies on regional migration dynamics.
Christophe BERTOSSI

Senior Research Fellow, Director of Ifri's Center for Migration and Citizenship

Matthieu TARDIS

Research Fellow, Center for Migration and Citizenship


France’s current presidential campaign has created an unprecedented situation fuelled by revelations and a total absence of restraint, but it has not truly taken account of the disruptions of the last year: Brexit, the attempted coup in Turkey, the election of Donald Trump, the recapturing of...

By: Christophe BERTOSSI, Matthieu TARDIS, Patrick KLUGMAN, Georges DERTILIS, Catherine PERRON, Evelyne RIBERT, Philip RUDGE

Contrary to other immigration societies such as the United States, Canada or Australia, migrations is not a core element of European narratives on shared identity. Each country maintains a very particular understanding of his migratory past and on the extent to which it should become part of...


Since the April 2015 shipwrecks in the Mediterranean, the right of asylum has become a priority in European talks. However, states have remained reluctant and sometimes hostile to measures of solidarity recommended by the European Commission. Such tensions raise the question of the European...


In the past 2 years, Greece has experienced its most severe economic crisis of the post-World War II period. While it appeared at first not to have been hit particularly hard by the global economic recession that started in 2008, the effects of the recession and the acute internal crisis of...

By: Daniele JOLY, Khursheed WADIA

While public opinion and European governments usually present migrants as an outside threat for European societies, in this article, Danièle Joly and Khursheed Wadia focus on the local level to analyze the issue of migrants, in particular irregular workers, living in the UK.

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