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Migration and Citizenship

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International migration has intensified significantly over the past three decades and has become the focus of public debates and policies in various regions of the world, including Europe. This raises the question of the necessity of a global governance of migration, since the phenomenon cannot be limited to the national level and affects the relationship between countries of departure, transit, and destination. The impact of international migration on national societies is complex: new practices of citizenship form, the interplay between governments and private companies changes, there is a reframing of collective belonging and membership, etc. To that extent, world migration renews classical international relations with the emergence of a new actor – the “migrant” – between states and markets.

With the launch of the Center for Migration and Citizenship in 2011, Ifri aimed at contributing to the study of migration as a structuring dimension of international relations and to analyze new forms of citizenship in an increasingly interdependent global society. The Center proposes to gain a new understanding of migration and diversity through an original methodology that involves, in a proactive and dynamic way, the main stakeholders and social actors concerned by the topic: institutions, policymakers, NGOs, private companies, migrants, and the inhabitants of the less favored neighborhoods. These groups constitute at the same time the target and the contributors to the center’s projects. 

Christophe BERTOSSI

Senior research fellow (PhD Habil.) and Director of the Center for Migration and Citizenship

Matthieu TARDIS

Research Fellow, Center for Migration and Citizenship

Daniele JOLY

Associate Fellow, Center for Migration and Citizenship

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New discourses on migration have deeply reframed the issue of citizenship in Western countries in only a few years, with the cristallisation of national identity against multiculturalism, migration, and Islam.
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The European migration and asylum policy has reached a dead-end while control of European external borders rely on agreements contracted with third countries (Turkey, Libya, Morocco, Niger, etc.).
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The changing context of asylum and migration in France must be considered in light of international mixed migration flows as well as European migration and integration policies. To address these issues, Ifri has created the Observatory of Migration and Asylum.
26/07/2019

Since 2015, refugee resettlement programmes have grown significantly in Europe becoming a key component of European asylum strategy. In 2017, Emmanuel Macron committed to resettle in France 10,000 refugees until the end of 2019. Refugees from Syria and Africa are increasingly welcome in small...

07/02/2019

The “Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration” was adopted in Marrakesh on 10 and 11 December 2018, after 18 months of consultation and negotiation. It is presented as the first United Nations’ agreement on a comprehensive approach to international migration in all its aspects....

30/11/2018

Often described as an “ungoverned area”, the Niger-Libya border is nevertheless at the centre of major economic, political and security challenges. Both the Libyan authorities and the Nigerien state are struggling to establish tight control over this particularly isolated area. 

13/04/2018
By: Thomas GOMART, Marc HECKER, (eds.)

How can we define Emmanuel Macron’s foreign policy since he took office? After Nicolas Sarkozy’s brazen style of “gutsy diplomacy” and François Hollande’s “normal diplomacy”, the eighth president of the Fifth Republic seems to have opted for an agile classicism. In substance, he makes no claim...

02/11/2017

In the week following Trump’s election, Ifri published a study to identify the likely changes in U.S. foreign policy. From the outset, this election appeared as a change in the U.S.’ trajectory, with consequences on the power relations and functioning of the international system.

21/12/2016
By: Christophe BERTOSSI, Matthieu TARDIS, Patrick KLUGMAN, Georges DERTILIS, Catherine PERRON, Evelyne RIBERT, Philip RUDGE

Contrary to other immigration societies such as the United States, Canada or Australia, migrations is not a core element of European narratives on shared identity. Each country maintains a very particular understanding of his migratory past and on the extent to which it should become part of...

16/11/2016

What will become of US foreign policy under Donald Trump? A selection of Ifri researchers has come together to offer their thoughts on this question. Our experts cover an array of topics through 14 contributions, ranging from the future Sino-American relations, through US engagement in the...

19
Nov
2019
Tuesday 19 November 2019
from 14:00 to 17:00 - Ifri Conferences

The 12th regional conference of Council of Councils (CoC) will take place at Ifri from November 17 to 19, 2019. An initiative of the Council on Foreign Relations, the CoC strives to define major foreign policy challenges by...

28
Jan
2019
Monday 28 January 2019 to Tuesday 29 January 2019
from Monday 28 January 2019 15:00 to Tuesday 29 January 2019 13:00 - Seminars and Round-table Conferences

The 4x4 Directors Forum is an annual meeting gathering the directors of four European and four African Think Tanks to discuss current challenges that both continents are facing. The purpose is to identify common positions and asymmetries, and address possible areas of cooperation in order to...

06
Dec
2018
Thursday 06 December 2018
from 08:30 to 09:45 - Ifri Conferences

The global dialogue on migration is frequently stalled due to contradictory interests and positions between the countries of the North (Europe and North America) and the South. 

07
Nov
2018
Wednesday 07 November 2018
from 18:00 to 20:30 - Ifri Conferences

New waves of populism and identity politics have shaken Europe, in both the West and the East. They have made immigration, Islam and Muslims a source of tension and anxiety. These new discourses have not left the pact of citizenship unscathed. How could inclusive societies be established while...

21
Sep
2017
Thursday 21 September 2017
from 18:00 to 19:30 - Ifri Conferences

The arrivals of refugees from East Africa in Europe have continued to increase since 2015. However, this situation should not gloss over the fact that migration is mainly a regional phenomenon: East Africa, alongside Middle East, hosts currently more refugees than any other regions in the...