Digital power refers to any actor’s ability to exploit digital data to help influence the behavior of other actors on the international stage and to achieve its own ends. It is about understanding how it influences events in the real world, despite its “intangible” nature.
Security and Defense
The relative simplicity of the Cold War has given way to a series of crises and conflicts involving heterogeneous actors and unpredictable situations. Today, security studies require an integrated approach that takes into account both regional and global dimensions, as well as political trends (coalitions, pressure from the media, strategic rivalries and limited wars) and military dynamics (nuclear and conventional capabilities, reduced force structures, types and methods of intervention).
Since the 1990s, Ifri’s Security Studies Center has stimulated debate and contributed to the improvement of strategic thinking in France through its conferences and widely read publications (in French and English). The Center also works on behalf of public and private policymakers through briefs and closed-door seminars.
Ifri's Security Studies Center analyzes traditional defense issues as well as the evolution of the broader field of security. The Center’s programs are designed to be enduring and cross disciplinary, and are conducted with the help of other Ifri research units. Through its innovative work, the Center has two objectives: influencing a wide public with its publications – in particular its two electronic paper series “Focus stratégique” and “Proliferation Papers” – and making recommendations to all the actors involved in public security. Accordingly, various reports and projects are realized on behalf of the Ministries of Defense, the Interior and Foreign Affairs.
Europe’s architecture of security in the current strategic environment: Taking the path toward "strategic autonomy" in Freya Grünhagen and Tobias Koepf, The changing global order – Which role for the European Union?, Genshagener Papiere, No. 23, October 2019
As the world stage is marked by renewed great power competition, Europe lacks proper means to assert and defend its own independent political view. Despite this backdrop, the authors of this report contend that the current stalemate can be overcome with a collective and inclusive approach.
Mutual Reinforcement: CSDP and NATO in the Face of Rising Challenges Focus stratégique, No. 93, October 2019
Over the past five years, several political and security developments have made it increasingly necessary to look at European Union (EU) / North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) relations through a different lens.
Sub-Surface Competition in the Euro-Atlantic Area: The Challenge to Western Dominance Editoriaux de l'Ifri, October 2019
Russia’s Syrian campaign has demonstrated the returning challenge the West faces in the underwater domain.
No Longer a Middle Power: Australia’s Strategy in the 21st Century Focus stratégique, No. 92, September 2019
Confronted with a strained strategic environment and a relative decline of its resource base, Australia is currently going through a historical shift of its global status.
Democratization First. The Community Method in CFSP as a Precondition for a European Defense Policy Éditoriaux de l'Ifri, September 2019
The recent calls for the militarization of the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) require first a comprehensive democratization of European foreign and security policy.
La compétition stratégique en Afrique : approches militaires américaine, chinoise et russe Focus stratégique, No. 91, August 2019
While it was left behind from power politics for the last decades, Africa is at the core of a renewed attention from global powers.
RAMSES 2020. A World without a Compass?, written by Ifri's research team and external experts, offers an in-depth and up-to-date analysis of geopolitics in today’s world.
Information dominance through the exploitation of the electromagnetic spectrum has become a cornerstone of military superiority. However, it is now threatened by increasingly advanced electronic warfare capabilities.
Although the first and foremost domain in the history of warfare, Land power has been dissociated from the concept of “strategic forces” for some time now, as these generally referred to long-range and/or high-yield strike capabilities, above all nuclear weapons.
These luncheon-debates are dedicated to corporate and individual benefactor members. By personal invitation only....
This event will cross various perspectives on the strategic rationale behind capacity-building efforts, assess current and future challenges to those endeavors, and provide an overview of how the European Union and France implement it in the field and in...
Makoto Iokibe, a renowned expert of Japanese diplomatic history and security policy, will offer his insight on Japan’s new security legislation.
The French Institute of International Relations and the Embassy of Sweden in France are jointly organising a closed seminar with the Swedish Defence Minister, Peter Hultqvist, and the Director General for International Relations and Strategy at the French Ministry of Defence, ...
This expert seminar gathered officials from national ministries of defense, national delegations to NATO, officials from NATO, the EDA, and the EEAS, as well as experts. The objective was to discuss the ambitions of the framework nations concept for framework nations as well as for partner...
The United States Program and the Center for Security Studies at IFRI hosed Robert Litwak, Vice-President and Director of Security Studies at the Woodrow Wilson Center for a closed seminar on April 22....
Recent tensions in Europe and Asia have underscored once more the question of geopolitics in the context of a highly interconnected, “globalised” world economy.
A luncheon-debate with Étienne de DURAND, Senior research fellow, Director of the Security Studies Center....
This expert seminar aims to address Franco-British defence cooperation in the broader context. It is organised by the Institut français des relations internationales and the Centre for European Reform.
PARIS — Crowds gathered on Monday to place flowers and candles and pay their respects to the 89 people killed at the Bataclan, as speculation swirled about why the legendary music hall was the target of the most brutal of the terrorist attacks on Friday....
Robert Litwak from the Wilson Center joined Ifri on April 22, 2015 for a seminar on the U.S.-Iranian nuclear negotiations. In this video, he analyzes the different views on Iran and its regime....
Robert Litwak is the Vice President for Scholars and Director of International Security Studies at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.
European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker’s call for an EU army has been widely dismissed by defence experts. At a time, when several European countries are failing to meet their NATO defence spending commitments, many question how an EU army could be feasible. The former prime...
For the past two years, French experts on terrorism have felt anxious. They often emphasized: “The question is not whether France will be targeted by a terrorist attack, but when.” The dreaded attack took place on January 7th, 2015. That evening, various speakers across the...
"U.S. Foreign Policy and the Ukrainian Turmoil" Jeffrey Mankoff, Fellow and Deputy Director, Russia and Eurasia Program, CSIS
The speakers from the Annual Conference on the United States summarize their talks in short videos. Here, Jeff Mankoff analyzes the strategies put in place by the United States with hopes of containing the situation in Ukraine.
American Cyberpower Frédérick Douzet, professor at the French Institute of Geopolitics, University of Paris 8 (in French)
The speakers from the Annual Conference on the United States summarize their talks in short videos. Here, Frédérick Douzet discusses the "cyber" element of American power.
Patrick Keller (Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung) and Christopher S. Chivvis (RAND International Security and Defense Policy Center) participated in the seminar “Germany, France and the United States: Towards a Renewed Transatlantic Dialog?” which took place on November 17 and 18,...